|12 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
NOTE 20 – INCOME TAXES
Deferred income taxes reflect the net effects of temporary difference between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial statement purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. The Company’s deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2020, 2019 and 2018 were $724,612, $289,756 and $299,596, respectively, which were mainly derived from the temporary difference from provision of doubtful accounts and net operating loss carry forward of Wenzhou Zhengfeng with effective period from October 01, 2018 to September 30, 2023. The Company evaluated the likelihood of the realization of deferred tax assets and reduces the carrying amount of the deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance to the extent it believes a portion will not be realized.
Income taxes for the years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are attributed to the Company’s continuing operations in China and consisted of:
Per the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, the income tax expenses for the Company can be reconciled to the income before income taxes for the years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 as follows:
Under the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Enterprise Income Tax ("New EIT Law"), which was effective from January 1, 2008, both domestically- owned enterprises and foreign-invested enterprises are subject to a uniform tax rate of 25%.
Zhejiang Zhengkang was entitled High and New Technology Enterprise ("HNTE") and enjoyed preferential tax rate of 15% for a three-year validity period from April 16, 2009. And the HNTE certificate was renewed on October 29, 2012, September 17, 2015 and September 17, 2018 all with a three-year validity period respectively. Thus, Zhejiang Zhengkang is eligible for a 15% preferential tax rate from April 16, 2009 to September 16, 2021.
ZK International and XSigma is not subject to income taxes under the current laws of BVI. ZK Pipe was registered in Hong Kong and is subject to corporate income tax at 16.5% if revenue is generated in Hong Kong. Wenzhou Zhengfeng and Wenzhou Weijia were both registered in the PRC and have applicable EIT rate of 25%. ZK Uganda was registered in the Republic of Uganda and is subject to corporate income tax at 30% if revenue is generated in Uganda.
Due to the Company's status as a public company, the Company is able to negotiate with local PRC taxing authorities a reduction to certain amounts that such authorities may believe are due and a reduction to any interest or penalties thereon. To the extent our Company is able to negotiate such amounts, national-level taxing authorities may take the position that localities are without power to reduce such liabilities, and such PRC taxing authorities may attempt to collect the unpaid taxes. The PRC tax law provides statute of limitations of 3 years to collect unpaid taxes. The Company recognizes the portion of unrecognized tax benefit that is beyond 3 years as reduction of its tax liabilities due to the fact that the statute of limitations for the relevant taxing authorities to examine and challenge the tax position has expired.
The changes in unrecognized tax benefits are as follows:
As of September 30, 2020, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $3,188,615 and such balance was included in "income tax payable" account. For the fiscal years 2020, 2019 and 2018, no tax authority initiated tax examination against the Company and the Company was issued Certificate of No Tax Arrears on December 9, 2020 by local tax authority which indicates the Company has fully paid income taxes for its tax returns since January 01, 2017. The reasonable possible change on the Company's unrecognized tax benefits in the next 12 months ranges from RMB nil to RMB 6,235,266.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef